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2017 Reviewer Award winners announced As part of our commitment to recognise and reward peer review, IOP Publishing is delighted to announce our Outstanding Reviewer Awards winners for 2017. The best reviewers from each journal have been carefully selected by our Editors based on quality, quantity and timeliness of their reviews. Click to see the list of winners for Physiological Measurement . Peer Review forms the backbone of scholarly communication, providing essential rigour and validation for published papers. IOP Publishing wishes to thank everyone that provides this valuable service, and especially recognise those who contribute exceptional reviews. Congratulations to all the winners!

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Physiological Measurement now offers a dedicated high quality, high profile outlet for outstanding short papers reporting important, timely new developments. Letters benefit from expedited review and should be accompanied by a written justification. Find out more .

Highlights of 2017 We are pleased to announce that the PMEA highlights of 2017 have been chosen and are freely available to view here.

Structured abstracts Physiological Measurement is introducing a structured format for abstracts. In future when submitting to Physiological Measurement please format your abstract under the following headings: Objective, Approach, Main results, Significance. This does not apply to topical reviews or editorials.

Referee reward programme A new referee reward programme has been introduced which offers referees a 10% credit towards the cost of publishing on a gold open access basis when they review an article. Find out .

Open access option Physiological Measurement is pleased to announce that we are now offering authors the option of having the final version of their journal article published on an open access basis, in exchange for an article publication fee of £1700/$2700/€1950 (excluding VAT where applicable).

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The following article is Open access

Peter H Charlton et al 2016 Physiol. Meas. 37 610

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Over 100 algorithms have been proposed to estimate respiratory rate (RR) from the electrocardiogram (ECG) and photoplethysmogram (PPG). As they have never been compared systematically it is unclear which algorithm performs the best.

Our primary aim was to determine how closely algorithms agreed with a gold standard RR measure when operating under ideal conditions. Secondary aims were: (i) to compare algorithm performance with IP, the clinical standard for continuous respiratory rate measurement in spontaneously breathing patients; (ii) to compare algorithm performance when using ECG and PPG; and (iii) to provide a toolbox of algorithms and data to allow future researchers to conduct reproducible comparisons of algorithms.

Algorithms were divided into three stages: extraction of respiratory signals, estimation of RR, and fusion of estimates. Several interchangeable techniques were implemented for each stage. Algorithms were assembled using all possible combinations of techniques, many of which were novel. After verification on simulated data, algorithms were tested on data from healthy participants. RRs derived from ECG, PPG and IP were compared to reference RRs obtained using a nasal-oral pressure sensor using the limits of agreement (LOA) technique.

314 algorithms were assessed. Of these, 270 could operate on either ECG or PPG, and 44 on only ECG. The best algorithm had 95% LOAs of  −4.7 to 4.7 bpm and a bias of 0.0 bpm when using the ECG, and  −5.1 to 7.2 bpm and 1.0 bpm when using PPG. IP had 95% LOAs of  −5.6 to 5.2 bpm and a bias of  −0.2 bpm. Four algorithms operating on ECG performed better than IP. All high-performing algorithms consisted of novel combinations of time domain RR estimation and modulation fusion techniques. Algorithms performed better when using ECG than PPG. The toolbox of algorithms and data used in this study are publicly available.

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Cited by References
The following article is Open access

John M Karemaker2017 Physiol. Meas. 38 R89

Distinguish early hereditary changes that may bring about tumour

Recognize irresistible operators in body tissues

Anatomical (or anatomic) pathology is the branch of drug that includes the investigation of body organs and tissues (gatherings of cells). Anatomical pathology is viewed as one of the analytic branches of medication, alongside radiology and other pathology claims to fame (e.g. microbiology and concoction pathology). Its parts incorporate deciding the reason for specific sicknesses and the effect(s) that they are having on the body, helping with the decision of treatment that will be given, supporting in giving visualization and figuring out what may have caused a man's demise. Anatomical pathology is crucial in those parts of prescription where an example of tissue or an example of tissue cells is taken from the patient and sent to the lab. In these circumstances anatomical pathology is the claim to fame that gives the authoritative finding and enables clinicians to give the most proper counsel and treatment to their patients.

TRACK 13: Cytopathology Histopathology

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which has been broadly used over the most recent 50 years for screening and diagnosing of cervical disease and its forerunners.

Cytopathologists analyse cells that have been (shed), scratched from the body or suctioned with a fine needle. Cell examples are prepared into slides and inspected minutely for the conclusion of malignancy, precancerous conditions, benevolent tumours and some irresistible conditions. The test outcomes are imparted to the essential doctor for restorative or surgical treatment and follow up for the patients. Since the improvement of the Pap test, the act of Kuboraum L1 sunglasses Order QxswCXK3K
has extended to incorporate examples from about all body destinations. Cell tests are taken for examination as a feature of numerous analytic tests, for example, bronchoscopy or cystoscopy. Furthermore, about any tissue mass can be inspected and analyzed by fine needle desire biopsy. In this method, cells are suctioned from masses just beneath the skin in the specialist's office or amid a radiologic examination. This approach permits determination of a sore with insignificant distress to the patient and aides the essential doctor in the subsequent stages in understanding development.

Histopathology is the science or study managing the cytological and histologic structure of the unusual or ailing tissue. Despite of the fact that it alludes to the minuscule examination of tissue with a specific end goal to contemplate the appearances of the malady. The analysis of tissues is called as tissue cytology and shows the classical example of the fact that how the body is working altogether. In clinical drug, histopathology alludes to the examination of a biopsy or surgical example by a pathologist, after the example has been handled and histological areas have been put onto glass slides. Conversely, cytopathology looks at free cells or tissue sections. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) alludes to the way toward recognizing antigens (e.g. proteins) in cells of a tissue segment by misusing the standard of antibodies restricting particularly to antigens in natural tissues.

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HIV/AIDS and Infections
Also called: AIDS-related opportunistic infections, OIs

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Having HIV/AIDS weakens your body's immune system. It destroys the white blood cells that fight infection. This puts you at risk for opportunistic infections (OIs). OIs are serious infections that take advantage of your weak immune system. These infections are less common and less severe in healthy people.

There are many types of OIs:

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